Ricardo de Oliveira Souza

Ricardo de Oliveira Souza


My team has investigated normal and abnormal human cognition and behavior on a macrolevel scale from the standpoint of neurology and neuropsychiatry. To accomplish this goal, we have focused on the cerebral organization of human morality and antisocial behavior, motor and somatosensory systems, social emotions and motivations, language and praxis, neuroplasticity, congenital malformations of the human nervous system, and psychosurgery. From the outset, the broad reach and variety of our research interests have been closely aligned with the diversity of patients who are seen daily by neurologists and psychiatrists. Indeed, most, if not all, inspiration for research springs from questions that emerge from the careful observation and experimental testing of selected patients with specific syndromes or diseases. As such, they reflect our efforts to tackle the mental and behavioral ailments that have been a relentless source of human suffering for centuries.

Keywords: morality, psychopathy, pyramidal, extrapyramidal and lemniscal systems, callosal agenesis.


Medical school: Gaffrée e Guinle University Hospital, The Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. (1980)

Master’s Degree: The Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. (1992)

Doctorate Degree: The Federal Fluminense University. Niteroi, RJ (1999)




Selected Publications

Prado CSC, Lopes PMG, Moll J, DeSalles A, de Oliveira-Souza R. A case of developmental pedophilia unmasked by frontotemporal dementia. Neurocase, 2021; 27 (2): 129-137
doi: 10.1080/13554794.2021.1886310

de Oliveira-Souza R, Moll J, Zahn R. Moral cognition in neurology. In: Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. New York, NY: Elsevier, 2020: 1-7
doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.24019-4

de Oliveira-Souza R, Paranhos T, Moll J, Grafman J. Gender and hemispheric asymmetries in acquired sociopathy. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2019; 10: 346
doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00346

de Oliveira-Souza R, Moll J. Moral conduct and social behavior. In: M D’Esposito & J Grafman (Editors) Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Third Series: The Frontal Lobes. New York, NY: Elsevier, 2019: 295-315
doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-804281-6.00016-1

de Oliveira-Souza R. Phobia of the supernatural: A distinct but poorly recognized specific phobia with an adverse impact on daily living. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2018; 9: 590
doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00590

Moll J, de Oliveira-Souza R, Basílio R, Bramati IE, Gordon B, Rodríguez-Nieto G, Zahn R, Krueger F, Grafman J. Altruistic decisions following penetrating traumatic brain injury. Brain, 2018; 141 (5): 1558-1569
doi: 10.1093/brain/awy064

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